Digital rights are at risk in Nigeria and the Nigerian government needs to safeguard free expression for citizens, journalists and civil society organisations online and offline.

Nigeria is Africa's most populous country. Its current population is 211.4 million. It formally transitioned into a democracy on 29 May 1999 with a Constitution that provides for fundamental human rights including the rights to privacy, expression, press, association and assembly. There are various threats and gaps with respect to protecting digital rights in Nigeria. Some of them include the provisions of sections 24 and 38 of the Cybercrimes Act that pose threats to online expression and privacy respectively; the provisions of sections 146 and 148 of the Nigerian Communications Act of 2003 that is being used to arbitrary block online content; lack of a comprehensive data protection legislation; various activities of the Nigerian government which includes the arbitrary arrest and harassment of human rights workers, government critics, journalists etc and the recently, the illegal suspension of the social media website, Twitter by the Nigerian government.

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    Households with internet access in 2020

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    Individuals using internet in 2020

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    Fixed Broadband Subscriptions per 100 inhabitants in 2020

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    Press Freedom Ranking in 2022

Upr cycle

Nigeria was last reviewed in November 2018. Their next review is in 11 months, which is scheduled for November 2023. It is currently in the National Consultation phase of its UPR cycle. To find out more about the UPR lifecycle click on the Uproar Tools button

Digital Rights and Free Expression Recommendations

Cycle 1
Cycle 3
Cycle 3


    Partner organisations

    Over a hundred local and international human rights organisations are part of the wider Uproar programme. You can find them listed here.